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Acrylicmind | The Art of Abstraction, Abstract Art - Eric Siebenthal - Acrylicmind.com
The Art of Abstraction, Abstract Art - Acrylicmind.com is the Official Online Art Gallery for Eric Siebenthal. Painting is a passion, an addiction that will not be easily overthrown.
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Le Premier Disque - Robert Delaunay

The Art of Abstraction, Abstract Art

Abstract art uses a Visual Language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world.  Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality.  The arts of cultures other than the European had become accessible and showed alternative ways of describing visual experience to the artist.  By the end of the 19th century many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science, and philosophy.  The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.

 

Le Premier Disque - Robert Delaunay - Art of Abstraction - Acrylicmind.com

Robert Delaunay, (1913) Le Premier Disque.

Robert Delaunay,

(12 April 1885 – 25 October 1941) was a French artist who, with his wife Sonia Delaunay and others, cofounded the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colours and geometric shapes. His later works were more abstract, reminiscent of Paul Klee. His key influence related to bold use of colour, and a clear love of experimentation of both depth and tone.

Abstract art, nonfigurative art, nonobjective art, and nonrepresentational art are loosely related terms.  They are similar, but perhaps not of identical meaning.
Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art.  This departure from accurate representation can be only slight, or it can be partial, or it can be complete.  Abstraction exists along a continuum.  Even art that aims for verisimilitude of the highest degree can be said to be abstract.  Total abstraction bears no trace of any reference to anything recognizable.  In geometric abstraction, for instance, one is likely to find references to naturalistic entities.  Figurative art and total abstraction are almost mutually exclusive.  But figurative and representational (or realistic) art often contains partial abstraction.
 
The Falling Rocket - James McNeill Whistler - Art of Abstraction - Acrylicmind.com

James McNeill Whistler, (1874) The Falling Rocket.

James McNeill Whistler,

(July 11, 1834 – July 17, 1903) was an American-born, British-based artist active during the American Gilded Age. Averse to sentimentality and moralallusion in painting, he was a leading proponent of the credoart for art’s sake“. His famous signature for his paintings was in the shape of a stylized butterfly possessing a long stinger for a tail.[1] The symbol was apt, for it combined both aspects of his personality—his art was characterized by a subtle delicacy, while his public persona was combative. Finding a parallel between painting and music, Whistler entitled many of his paintings “arrangements“, “harmonies“, and “nocturnes“, emphasizing the primacy of tonal harmony.[2] His most famous painting is “Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1” (1871), commonly known as Whistler’s Mother, the revered and oft-parodied portrait of motherhood. Whistler influenced the art world and the broader culture of his time with his artistic theories and his friendships with leading artists and writers.

Both geometric abstraction and lyrical abstraction are often totally abstract.  Among the very numerous art movements that embody partial abstraction would be for instance fauvism in which color is conspicuously and deliberately altered vis-a-vis reality, and cubism, which blatantly alters the forms of the real life entities depicted.
 
On White - Wassily Kandinsky - Art of Abstraction - Acrylicmind.com

Wassily Kandinsky, (1923) On White.

Wassily Kandinsky,

16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting one of the first purely abstract works. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat—Kandinsky began painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30.

In 1896 Kandinsky settled in Munich, studying first at Anton Ažbe‘s private school and then at the Academy of Fine Arts. He returned to Moscow in 1914, after the outbreak of World War I. Kandinsky was unsympathetic to the official theories on art in Communist Moscow, and returned to Germany in 1921. There, he taught at the Bauhaus school of art and architecture from 1922 until the Nazis closed it in 1933. He then moved to France, where he lived for the rest of his life, becoming a French citizen in 1939 and producing some of his most prominent art. He died at Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1944.

 

                                                                                                            ~Wikipedia